This book aims to prepare medical aspirants for the NEET Biology examination.
Volume 2 explores the topics studied in Class 12. It provides in-depth coverage of the NEET syllabus and uses a target-oriented approach, with greater emphasis on the basics and gradual progression to advanced topics. It works towards maximizing students' knowledge of the subject while also enhancing their problem-solving and time management abilities.
Abhimanyu Kumar Jha is Professor and Head of the Department of Biotechnology at the School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India.
Runjhun Mathur is a Research Scholar at Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, India.
Meenakshi Jha is a Research Scholar at Amity University, Raipur, India.
About the Authors
Chapter 1: Reproduction in Organisms
Introduction | Asexual Reproduction | Sexual Reproduction
Chapter 2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Introduction | The Flower | Pollination | Artificial Hybridization | Double Fertilization | Post-Fertilization Events
Chapter 3: Human Reproduction
Introduction | The Male Reproductive System | The Female Reproductive System | Gametogenesis | The Menstrual Cycle | Fertilization and Implantation | Pregnancy and Embryonic Development
Chapter 4: Reproductive Health
Introduction | Importance of Reproductive Health | Reproductive Health and Family Planning and Maternal and Child Health Programmes | Factors Affecting Reproductive Health | Problems and Strategies Related to Reproductive Health | Population Explosion and Birth Control | Amniocentesis | Sexually Transmitted Diseases |
Infertility | Measures for Birth Control | Medical Termination of Pregnancy
Chapter 5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Introduction | Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance | Law of Dominance, Test Cross, Law of Segregation and Incomplete Dominance | Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance | Dihybrid Cross in Drosophila to Study Linkage and Recombination | Sex Determination in Various Animals: Male and Female Heterogamety | Mutation, Pedigree Analysis and Genetic Disorders
Chapter 6: Molecular Basis of Inheritance
Introduction | Deoxyribonucleic Acid | Structure of a Polynucleotide Chain | Double-Helix Model for the Structure of DNA | The Central Dogma | Packaging of the DNA Helix | Transforming Principle, Hershey and Chase Experiments and Properties of Genetic Material | DNA Replication with Experimental Proof Machinery and the Enzymes Involved | Transcription Unit: Structure and Relationship with Genes | Types of RNA and the Transcription Process | Genetic Code and Study of Mutations | Structure of tRNA, Process of Translation and Regulation of Gene Expression | The Lac Operon | The Human Genome Project | DNA Fingerprinting
Chapter 7: Evolution
Introduction | Origin of Life | Theories of Organic Evolution | Hardy–Weinberg Principle | Evolution of Plants, Animals and Humans | How Does a Species Evolve?
Chapter 8: Human Health and Disease
Introduction | Pathogenic Diseases | Communicable Diseases | Non-Communicable Diseases | What is Immunity? | AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) | Cancer | Commonly Abused Drugs
Chapter 9: Strategies For Enhancement in Food Production
Introduction | Farm Management | Animal Breeding | Controlled Breeding Techniques | Apiculture | Fisheries | Plant Breeding | Indian Hybrid Crops | Applications of Plant Breeding | Pest-Resistant Crops | Single-Cell Protein and
Chapter 10: Microbes in Human Welfare
Introduction | Household and Industrial Applications | Sewage Treatment and Biogas Production Applications | Microbes as Biocontrol Agents and Biofertilizers
Chapter 11: Biotechnology – Principles and Practices
Introduction | Principles of Biotechnology | Tools of Genetic Engineering | Steps in Recombinant DNA Technology
Chapter 12: Biotechnology and Its Applications
Introduction | Applications of Biotechnology in Agriculture | Applications of Biotechnology in Medicine | Applications of Biotechnology in Aquaculture Fisheries | Applications of Biotechnology in Industry | Environmental Applications of Biotechnology | Transgenic Animals | Biopiracy
Chapter 13: Organisms and Populations
Introduction | Ecology and Its Characteristic Features | Adaptations | Population | Population Interactions
Chapter 14: Ecosystem
Introduction | Productivity | Decomposition | Energy Flow | Nutrient Cycling | Ecosystem Services
Chapter 15: Biodiversity and Its Conservation
Introduction | Types of Biodiversity | Patterns of Biodiversity | Importance of Biodiversity | Hotspots | Role of Biodiversity | Loss of Biodiversity | Conservation of Biodiversity
Chapter 16: Environmental Issues
Introduction | Types of Environmental Issues | Air Pollution | Water Pollution | Waste | Radioactive Pollution | Noise Pollution | Global Warming | Conservation Challenges Around the World
Mock Test I
Mock Test II
Previous Years’ Solved Question Papers
NEET (UG) Biology 2022
NEET (UG) Biology 2021
NEET (UG) Biology 2020
NEET (UG) Biology 2020 (September)
NEET (UG) Biology 2019